Building chicken coop – week 3

It’s been a week after all the chicks had been moved into this new coop and being fed manually. Today I’m going to install the automatic waterer and feeder. We already have water tank for harvesting rain, and I’m going to connect it to the waterer, and have one end to a valve, for our own usage.

Between the waterer cups, I used 10mm hose, and to connect it to the tank, I used 15mm hose. I bought 10 waterer cups, but decided to use only 5 first as trial. Since the chicks are still small, I put the board to allow them to reach the water inside the cup.
Connection to the tank.
They immediately knew that this is for their drinking water.
For the feeder, I implemented a simple system, where I used a transparent cylindrical plastic container, create some holes on the cap, attach it upside down to a plate, then put it in the coop, tied to a pillar, while placing it a bit high, to prevent the chicken from scratching the feed inside. I’m experimenting with 2 types of feed, corn-based and processed pellets, and still figuring out how long these 2 kg of feed will last.

With the waterer and feed system are installed, now the building process is done. Now I’m left with how to handle sick chicken. Currently I’m left with 16 chicks, and I found out at least 4 of them are sick. Based on traditional method, people used to keep tortoise inside chicken coop, and the water where the tortoise lives will become the cure for any chicken disease when they drink it. For commercial scale, I don’t think that’s feasible, as I need to take care of the tortoises and also their feed. Therefore I’ll try to look for some kind of chicken medicine or vaccine.

For this round, I plan to raise these chicken to become the parent. Maybe one rooster and 5 hens, only then I’ll start to sell them in bulk. It is estimated that these chicken will become adult in May, and able to produce offsprings by July or August. Therefore, I estimate around September, these ayam kampung will be ready to be sold.

Building chicken coop – week 2

A week after Chinese New Year holiday, continuing building the chicken coop. My plan was first, to install the wire mesh fence, then nail the woods to the pillar at ground level, part of the wood will be buried underground. This is to prevent chicken from scratching the soil and creating an escape hole.

Dig a small shallow trench to put the wood in.
I’ve nailed and glued some short woods to make up for the length of the coop.
Not enough wire mesh, I bought only 16 meters, RM8/meter at Emart Batu Kawa, which is quite expensive.

Then we went to Sebuyau, and I bought another 4 meters at RM5.50/meter, to complete the perimeter and for the door.

During afternoon break, our supervisor came to check on our progress 🙂 .

The next day:

Wire mesh had been attached to the door, and it had been installed to the frame, together with lock.
Ground wood also had been installed, wire mesh fence had been attached to the woods using stapler gun. I covered back the small trench and the ground wood with soil and compact it from the inside, preventing it from easily being scratched by the chicken.


For the top part, I used old fishing nets. I had to make sure the coop is all covered, to prevent the chicken from going out, and the predators from going in.
While working on this coop, there was incident where a monitor lizard entered the old coop and ate 5 of the chicks. That’s why I had to rush up to complete and move the remaining chicks into this new coop.
Total of 18 chicks in the coop. Next week going to continue with the waterer and feeding system installation.

Building chicken coop – week 1

During Chinese New Year holiday last month, I started building chicken coop for my ayam kampung (indigenous-breed chicken) project. My parent in laws were very kind to allow their old wooden house to be repurposed as chicken coop. Instead of building from scratch, I could reuse the pillar and roof of the house, and just build the fence and door to enter the coop.

This section of the house was the kitchen and toilet, after my father in law and I tore down the wall and floor.
View from east side of the house, only half way done.
Removed all the joist, all of them made from belian (Eusideroxylon zwageri), hardest wood in Borneo.
Started work from early morning, then continued to evening. Now finished installing frame for the door.
The next day, doing some clean up, keep aside woods that can be reused and burned those that already rotten. My father in law done rebuilt the wall and the door for the house. This old house is used as storage.
I prepared some woods for the fence and the door of the chicken coop. That’s it for the week, going to continue next week, installing the fence.
This is the poultry waterer that I’ll be using inside the chicken coop. Bought it online, as I couldn’t find it sold locally here.

Chilli planting

I’ve planted around 10 trees of chilli of various types at home for personal consumption, and for this bulk planting, it was intended for sale. In September last year, I bought some cili geronong (habanero pepper) and cili besar (chilli pepper) from Medan Niaga Satok, and took out the seeds.

These cili geronong seeds are so spicy that my hands still feel the heat after two days.

I sowed 60 cili geronong and 90 cili besar, and 10 cili padi (bird eye chilli) a week later, with total of 160 trees of chilli in 6 germination trays. I estimated around 70 – 80 percent of them will grow up to be able to be transplanted to our vacant land beside the plantation road in Kampung Segali.

I kept them within the car porch area, to allow it to receive only morning sunlight, and to prevent from rain. Gate netting was used to cover them because during this time, there were cats from the neighbours that came here and scratch on the soil inside the tray. I had to manually water them twice daily.

Two weeks after those chilli seedlings grew, I gave them NPK fertilizer (pink color), one small piece for each of tray hole. They grew well, except that they grew slanted towards sunlight, which caused me to move them outside of the car porch. I still kept the netting cover to prevent strong sunlight and heavy rain from damaging the plants.

Bad thing about putting these seedlings near soil area is they can easily get diseases. This was a few days before transplanting, I opened the cover to let the plants to adopt the natural sunlight & rain.
Seven weeks after sowing, 60 cili geronong (100%), 75 cili besar (83%) and 6 cili padi (60%) were ready to be transplanted.
Method that we used was to put the chicken manure as the fertilizer inside the hole on the ground first, before planting the trees. By doing this, the roots would be able to absorb the nutrients directly. Fertilizing schedule still continue at every 2 weeks. Those yellow bamboo are for plant supports.
Four weeks after transplant, cili besar already started to flower.
While cili geronong still growing its large leaves.

During last year Christmas, we went to check the chilli trees, and we were quite surprised to see the cili besar already bear some fruits. It took only 3 months for chilli to start producing results.

But we didn’t tie the plants to its support, which cause it to fall. Fortunately they didn’t die and still produce good fruits. We stopped putting fertilizer for now to prevent the fruit from rotting.
Tied them all the next day.
Harvested them a few times in January.

In the middle of February (last month), there were heavy rain for about a week that caused flood in our area. These chilli plants were also affected, some of them that didn’t grow tall enough were submerged. To make matter worse, the flood water was mixed with some diesel leaked from nearby lorry, and might affect the plants root.

A lot of cili geronong trees are tall enough that they survived the flood, and still producing good chilli.
While a lot of cili besar were submerged, and their fruit are not that good anymore, perhaps need to wait for another round of pollination.
3 cili geronong and 1 cili besar, all ripe. Going to sow their seeds again to ensure continuity.